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Archaeology: Referencing & Writing

Referencing and Citation

If you follow a citation style correctly, you will avoid plagarism and help your reader find your information sources.  

The Citation Styles Guide provides information on the most common citation styles used at the University of Otago including APA, Harvard, Chicago, and MLA.



Want to improve your paraphrasing and summarizing techniques?  You might find the following useful:


A Reference Manager can help you:

  • store, organise, and format references.
  • easily insert citations into Word documents
  • automatically generate a reference list/bibliography.

There are several software options and it can be hard to decide which one will best suit you.  The Library Guide Managing Your References can help you make that decision.  It also includes information on how to use the software and access support.

In the "Ethical Use of Information" module you will learn to avoid plagiarism by appropriately citing sources and knowing how and when to give credit for information and ideas taken from others.

You will also learn about:

  • Respecting intellectual property rights and copyright
  • Respecting ownership of knowledge
  • Respecting the privacy of certain information
  • Using appropriate language

Still not sure how to use information ethically in your studies? You may also like to try:

Writing Your Research: places to find help

The University of Otago Student Learning Development services include: 

  • Study Guides
  • Tipsheets
  • Online Tutorials
  • Workshops
  • Drop-in Thesis Clinic
  • Individual Consultations with a Learning Advisor

If you are an enrolled student, you are welcome to visit the Student Learning Centre in the south-west corner of the Central Library (ISB) Building to discuss any aspect of your study that is causing concern. You can also telephone (03) 479-8801 or e-mail to make an appointment with a Learning Adviser. 

If you are an off-campus student, the same service is available to you through e-mail or call toll-free: 0800 808 098 and ask for the Student Learning Centre.

The Māori Centre is a support service for Māori Students. They provide academic and social support for all Māori Students, regardless of their academic ability or tribal affiliations. 

Tutorials are available for all Māori students who are enrolled at the University of Otago.  Tutorial goals include ensuring students develop effective study and note taking skills, examination techniques, and improve academic excellence.


Otago's Pacific Islands Centre is a little bit of the Pacific right in the middle of campus!

It's a welcoming environment designed to help all students of Pacific descent to make the most of their time at University. Students use the Centre for advice on anything from academic assistance, scholarships and accommodation to legal and immigration matters and places to worship. The Centre also organises a variety of academic, cultural and social events throughout the year.

Extra tutorials held by the Pacific Islands Centre are free and use mainstream tutors from the academic departments. Tutorials are free for all Pacific Islands students, except NZAID sponsored students (however the NZAID students have funding to cover extra private tutorials). The Centre can also help organise and set up study groups.