Skip to Main Content

The Otago LibGuides are changing! The system will undergo a major update from 17 June to 15 July. You can learn more by taking a look at our LibGuides prototype here.

Indigenous Studies: Indigenous Data Sovereignty

Indigenous Data Sovereignty

Image by James Smith & Kim Robertson 

Resources Related to Indigenous Peoples

FAIR & C.A.R.E. Principles of Indigenous Data

Taken from the University of Toronto

FAIR Principles - findable, accessible, interoperable, and reusable

CARE Principles - collective benefit, authority to control, responsibility and ethics

What is Indigenous Data?

"In general, data are any quantitative or qualitative information about a specific topic that are collected through observation, surveys and reporting. For the purpose of this Protocol, Indigenous data is any information that is from or about any Indigenous person or their community, territory or nation, including but not limited to their languages, Knowledges, customs or traditions, intellectual property and ideas. Indigenous data are also relational and reciprocal, and need to reflect and be held by the community as a collective, and are equally as important to pass down through generations as a part of lifelong journeys of coming to be."

From Nindokiikayencikewin: to seek learning or Knowledges Indigenous Knowledges & Data Governance Protocol (pp. 10)

Resources on Indigenous Data Sovereignty

Traditional Knowledge (TK) Labels

Provenance Labels

Provenance Labels identify the group or sub-group that is the primary cultural authority for the material, and/or recognizes other interests in the materials.


Protocol Labels

Protocol Labels outline traditional protocols associated with access to this material and invite viewers to respect community protocols.


Permission Labels

Permission Labels indicate what activities the community has approved as generally acceptable. Other uses require direct engagement with primary cultural authorities.


Related Subject Guides

Indigenous Data Webinar

Indigenous Intellectual Property

UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples - Article 31

From the University of British Colombia

1. Indigenous peoples have the right to maintain, control, protect, and develop their cultural heritage, traditional knowledge, and traditional cultural expressions,  as well as the manifestations of their sciences,  technologies, and cultures,  including human and genetic resources,  seeds,  medicines,  knowledge of the properties of fauna and flora, oral traditions, literature, designs, sports and traditional games and visual and performing arts. They also have the right to maintain,  control,  protect, and develop their intellectual property over such cultural heritage,  traditional knowledge,  and traditional cultural expressions.

2. In conjunction with indigenous peoples, States shall take effective measures to recognize and protect the exercise of these rights.

From Article 31 of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP).

Intellectual Property Resources

Creative Commons


Creative Commons Licence

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.